In early January 2007, I received a request from Chandler Davis on behalf of the Math Intelligencer inviting me to write an article describing what it is like to be a mathematician who cannot see. Personally, I had never spent time conciously thinking of the differences that arise from not being able to see, and consequently, writing this article proved an intellectually stimulating exercise. The result is what you see on this Web site.

The title *Thinking Of
Mathematics* was inspired by Brian
Hayes choice of title for his article describing my PhD work
— Speaking
Of Mathematics — which to this date remains the best
description of my graduate work on Audio System For Technical
Readings (AsTeR).
While getting ready to write this article, I was lucky to attend
an excellent talk on creativity by
Murray
Gell-Mann at Google; his talk helped me crystalize the
thoughts for this essay into a coherent framework.

Thinking Of Mathematics (HTML) | Thinking Of Mathematics (PDF) |

The article was completed by my personal deadline of April 15,
2007.
After sending the draft to the Math Intelligencer for editorial
review, I received a bunch of questions from their editor that I
have attempted to answer in the commentary section. I suggest that
visitors to this site read that section *after* reading
the paper. During the course of that interaction, it became clear
that this article really belonged on the Web, rather than in a
print magazine. I hope that it is useful to students who are
blind, and just as importantly, serves as a resource for teachers
of blind students. The world is too full of factors to discourage
students who cannot see from pursuing a career in science and
math; hopefully this article can serve to at least minimally
offset that imbalance.

Note that this article is a personal story --- and that not everything that worked for me is likely to work in general for someone else. I hope you enjoy reading it as much as I have enjoyed writing it.

T. V. Raman, May 19, 2007